Types Of Acne
What Type Of Acne Do I Have?
Acne comes in all shapes and sizes and we wish they wouldn’t show up at all. However, we must confront the fact that they will pop up and rear their ugly head at us. Not only are they a nuisance, but depending on the type of acne you have plays a big part on how to treat them effectively. Here are different types of acne you might currently be experiencing right now.
Small blemishes with black dots are blackheads. Blackheads have no inflammation, so dermatologists refer to blackheads as comedones. A blackhead is an open pore that is filled with oil and skin debris that is either grey or black. The dark colour happens because of the collection of melanin pigment in the pore that oxidizes. Not all blackheads are black. Some blackheads can be yellowish if the pigment fails to oxidize.
Whiteheads are also spots with no inflammation, so they too are comedones just like blackheads. However, instead of having a tiny black dot, it’s white.
However, there’s a thin layer of skin that cover the pore and prevents it from oxidizing. That’s why it remains white or yellowish, which is the natural colour of sebum and dead white blood cells.
When whiteheads start to get inflamed, you have papules. They are pink or red shaped bumps that don’t contain fluid or pus. They are not painful and are caused by increased oil and bacteria that is trapped inside the pore by dead skin cells. The redness from inflammation comes from your body’s immune system fighting off the infection with white blood cells.
Pustules are like papules, but the greatest difference is that pustules contain pus. It also helps you to remember the name. They look a lot like whiteheads on steroids and can feel painful to the touch.
Try waiting for a whitehead to be visible before attempting to squeeze it away. Trying to extract a pustule immediately could leave you with a nasty scar.
When your acne gets worse, you could end up with nodules that are bigger than pustules and papules and develop deep under the skin.
They are painful to the touch and solid. They mature when oil and bacteria deep inside the pore spreads and infects connecting follicles.
If nodules weren’t bad enough, they could harden into deep cysts that can leave you with awful scars and disfigurement. Cystic acne is the most severe type of acne you could get. The cysts are usually deep, painful, pus filled bumps that are very large and noticeable.
Cystic nodular acne is hereditary and very common with males. The best solution is to visit your professional dermatologist for a suitable acne treatment.
Whatever type of acne you have, we recommend seeking an appropriate treatment for it right away. Severe acne, which is deep cysts and nodules, should be dealt with by a professional. Mild to moderate acne however, which consists of comedones, papules and pustules, can be treated with over the counter acne remedies.